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Scheme of examinations (As per norms of WBUHS)

The scheme of examination of BDS Course is divided into four professional examinations –

  • First Professional BDS Examination (at the end of 1st academic year)
  • Second Professional BDS (at the end of 2nd academic year)
  • Third Professional BDS (at the end of 3rd academic year)
  • Final Professional BDS (at the end of Final Year)
  1. There shall be an Annual University Examination followed by a Supplementary Examination at the end of each academic year. Supplementary Examination shall be held six weeks after publication of the result of the Annual Examination. Candidate will not be allowed to appear in the Supplementary Examination if he does not sit for the Annual Examination. However he may be allowed to appear in the next Annual Examination.
  2. A candidate who fails in the Annual University Examination will provisionally be allowed to attend classes for the next 2nd year/3rd year/final year classes as the case may be.
  3. A candidate who passes all the subjects in the Supplementary Examination will be promoted to the next Professional BDS course along with the regular batch of students for that year.
  4. A candidate who fails to pass all the subjects in the supplementary Examination will loose one academic year and shall have to appear in the next Annual Examination in the subject of failure. Year loss candidate, if desired, may appear Internal Assessment (IA) Examination of the failed subject after foregoing previous IA marks.

Methods of evaluation

  1. Written examinations
  2. Practical examinations
  3. Clinical Examinations
  4. Viva-voce


75% in theory and in practical is mandatory as university regulations to appear for the university examinations


The examination shall be open to a candidate who satisfied the requirement of attendance, progress and conduct as stipulated by the university.

Certificate to the above effect should be produced from the Head of the Institution by the candidate along with the application for examination and the prescribed fee.

Internal assessments are held at regular intervals during the academic year. The internal assessment marks are sent to the university along with counter signature of the Principal/Head of the Institution. There marks are added to the university examination marks.

The examination shall be open to a candidate who satisfied the requirement of attendance, progress and conduct as stipulated by the university.

A Student Officer shall intimate the parents regarding the attendance and performance in the internal assessment exams.

Written Examination

  1. The written examination in each subject shall consist of one paper of three hours duration and shall have maximum marks of 70.
  2. In the subjects of Physiology & Biochemistry and Pathology & Microbiology each paper will be divided into two parts, A and B of equal marks.
  3. The question paper should contain different types of questions like essay, short answer and objective type / M.C.Q’s.
  4. The nature of questions set, should be aimed to evaluate students of different standards ranging from average to excellent.
  5. The questions should cover as broad an area of the content of the course. The essay questions should be properly structured and the marks specifically allotted.
  6. The University may set up a question bank

Practical and Clinical Examination

1. Objective Structured Clinical Evaluation: The present system of conducting practical and clinical examination at several universities provide chance for unrealistic proportions of luck. Only a particular clinical procedure or experiment is usually given for the examination. The clinical and practical examination should provide a number of chances for the candidate to express one’s skills. A number of examination stations with specific instructions to be provided. This can include clinical procedures, laboratory experiments, spotters etc. Evaluation must be made objective and structured. The method of objective structured clinical examinations should be followed. This will avoid examiner bias because both the examiner and the examinee are given specific instructions on what is to be observed at each station.

2. Records / Log Books: The candidate should be given credit for his records based on the scores obtained in the record. The marks obtained for the record in the first appearance can be carried over to the subsequent appearances if necessary.

3. Scheme of clinical and practical examinations: The specific scheme of clinical and practical examinations, the type of clinical procedures/ experiments to be performed and marks allotted for each are to be discussed and finalized by the Chairman and other examiners and it is to be published prior to the conduct of the examinations along with the publication of the time table for the practical examinations. This scheme should be brought to the notice of the external examiner as and when the examiner reports. The practical and clinical examinations should be evaluated by two examiners of which one shall be an external examiner appointed from other universities preferably outside the State. Each candidate should be evaluated by each examiner independently and marks computed at the end of the examination.

4. Viva Voce: Viva voce is an excellent mode of assessment because it permits a fairly broad coverage and it can assess the problem solving capacity of the student. An assessment related to the affective domain is also possible through viva voce. It is desirable to conduct the viva voce independently by each examiner. In order to avoid vagueness and to maintain uniformity of standard and coverage, questions can be pre-formulated before administering them to each student. Twenty marks are exclusively allotted for viva voce and that can be divided equally amongst the examiners, i.e., 10 marks per examiner.

Marks Distribution in Each Subject

Each subject shall have a maximum of 200 marks.
Theory -100 (University written exam- 70,Viva Voce 20, Internal assessment-10)
Practical/ Clinical- 100

Practical and Viva Voce Only in University Examination
Pre-clinical Prosthodontics
Preclinical Conservative Dentistry…..
Internal Assessment – 20
Practical – 60
Viva Voce – 20

Criteria for passing

Fifty percent of the total marks in any subject computed as aggregate for theory, i.e., written, viva voce and internal assessment and practical including internal assessment, separately is essential for a pass in all years of study.

For declaration of pass in a subject, a candidate shall secure 50% marks in the University examination both in Theory and Practical/ Clinical examinations separately, as stipulated below:

  • A candidate shall secure 50% marks in aggregate in University theory including Viva Voce and Internal assessment obtained in University written examination combined together.
  • In the University Practical/ clinical examination, a candidate shall secure 50% of University practical marks and Internal Assessment combined together.
  • In case of pre clinical Prosthetic Dentistry and Preclinical conservative dentistry in II BDS, where there is no written examination, minimum for pass is 50% of marks in Practical and Viva voce combined together in University examination including Internal Assessment i.e. 50/100 marks.
  • Successful candidates who obtain 65% of the total marks or more shall be declared to have passed the examination in First Class. Other successful candidates will be placed in Second Class. A candidate who obtains 75% and above is eligible for Distinction. Only those candidates who pass the whole examination in the first attempt will be eligible for distinction or class.
  • First Class and Distinction etc. to be awarded by the University as per their respective rules.


The objective of re-evaluation is to ensure that the student receives a fair evaluation in the university examination and to minimize human error and extenuating circumstances.